Capitalization

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Special Cases for Capitalizing

Sentence after a Colon The first word of sentence following a colon is capitalized. Correct: Grapes were not squeezed for juice: The pulp was pressed. (A complete sentence follows the colon.) Incorrect: Please bring the following items to work tomorrow: A grab-bag gift, a goofy hat, and a smile. (A list follows the colon, not

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Capitalizing Proper Nouns

A proper noun is a noun which names a specific person, place, or thing. Proper nouns are capitalized. That includes the following categories of names: Each part of a person’s name: James A. Garfield Chester Alan Arthur Given or pet names of animals: Lassie Trigger Secretariat Geographical and celestial names: Red Sea Alpha Centauri Lake

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Names NOT Capitalized

The earth, moon, and sun are not capitalized unless in a list of celestial objects or part of another name. Correct: I was born on the earth. Correct: The first three planets from the Sun are Mercury, Venus, and Earth. (In a list) Seasons are not capitalized unless part of another name. Correct: This summer

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Capitalizing Proper Adjectives

A proper noun used as an adjective or an adjective formed from a proper noun is called a proper adjective. Proper adjectives are normally capitalized. This includes brand names. Correct: Syrian food a Kodak¨ camera Some proper adjectives may not be capitalized because the association with a particular name is gone. Correct: Teddy bear or

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Capitalizing Personal Titles

Capitalize a person’s title when used with the person’s name or as a direct address. The title is not capitalized when used generally. Correct: the Duke of Edinburgh Dr. Fleming Lieutenant Horatio Hornblower Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. Incorrect: The Duke sends his regards. (Used as a general word, not personal title.) Correct: The duke sends his

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